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Tuesday, 6 October 2015

नाभि से सोंद्या समस्याओ का निदान Nabhi Se Sundar Samasyawo Ka Nidan

      नाभि से सौन्‍द्धर्य समस्याओ का निदान  
      Nabhi Se Sundar Samasyawo Ka Nidan    

     ukHkh ifj{k.k ls lkSU)Z; leL;kvksa dk mipkj

           ukHkh Lianu ls lkSU};Z leL;kvks dk ,ao jksxks dh  igpku djuk dksbzZ u;k fo’k; ugh gsS lfn;ks ls ;g mipkj i}fr fdlh u fdlh :i esa o fofHkUu fpfdRlk i}fr;ks ds uke ls izpfyr jgh gsS A Hkkjrh; fpfdRlk vk;qosZn ] izkd`frd fpfdRlk rFkk pkbZuht ,D;qiapj fpfdRlk i}fr esa bldk o.kZu feyrk gS A pkbZuht fpfdRld ekLVj D;wbZ ;ksax ;h fdx us dsoy ukHkh ifj{k.k dj ukHkh ij ,D;qiapj lwbZ;ks dks pqHkk dj leLr izdkj ds jksxks ds mipkj djus dh ubZ rduhdh dh [kksst dh gS A dbZ fcekfj;ksa ds mipkj esa xzkE;oklh vkt Hkh fcuk fdlh vkS’kf/k;ks ds ukHkh Lianu dks igpku dj lqyHk mipkj dj ysrs gsS aA pwWfd dbZ i= if=dkvksa o usV vkfn ij blds izpkj izlkj gksus ls bldk dkQh egRo c<k ,ao yksxks us bl izkd`frd fpfdRlk ls ykHk mBk;k gS A C;wVh Dyhfud ,d izkd`frd mipkj fof/k gS ftlesa fcuk fdlh vkS’kf/k;ks ds lQyrkiwoZd mipkj fd;s tkrs gS ] ,ao blds ifj.kke fuf”pr o le; lhek esa feyrs gS A blhfy;s C;wVh Dyhfud mipkj ls igys ukHkh ifj{k.k dj ukHkh LiUnu dh fLFkfr dk irk yxk;k tkrk gS A D;ks fd lHkh izdkj ds lkSU};Z leL;kvks esa ukHkh LiUnu dk egRo gS A  
ukHkh  Lianu ds ;FkkLFkku ls gV tkus ij dbZ izdkj ds jksx gksrs gsS A dqN fo}okuks dk vfHker gS ] fd ukHkh Lianu ds vius LFkku ls gV tkus ls isV lEcU/kh jksx gksrs gsS A mudk ;g vfHker iwjh rjg ls mfpr ugh gS A ukHkh Lianu Bhd mlh izdkj gS tSlk dh gekjs fny dh /kMdu] fgn; Lianu] ,ao gkFk es ikbZ tkus okyh iYl jhfMx vkfn A ukHkh Lianu fcYdqy Li’V o ,d y; esa gksrk gS A jksxkoLFkk esa Lianu o mlds y; esa vUrj ns[kk tkrk gS A ukHkh Lianu o mlds y; esa vUrj vkus ls dsoy isV lEcfU/kr jksx gh ugh cYdh ekufld jksx ] ruko ] lkSUnZ; lEcfU/kr leL;k;s o vU; izdkj ds fodkj vkfn Hkh ns[ks tkrs gS ] dgus dk rkRi;Z ;g gS fd ukHkh Lianu o mlds y; esa vUrj vkus ls dbZ izdkj ds tfVy jksx “kjhj esa ?kj dj tkrs gS ftldk funku nokvksa ls laEHko ugh gS pwWfd nok ds nsus ls jksx rks nc tkrk gS A ijUrq ekSdk feyrs gh yEcs vUrjky Ik”pkr iqu% izxV gksrk gsS A ejht nok;s [kkrs [kkrs ijs”kku gks tkrk gsS A vk/kqfud fpfdRlk foKku esa ,d dgkor gS fd nok gh tgj gS ] ,ao tgj gh nok gS A tgj dh vfr vYi ek= nok dk dke djrh gS ijUrq bldk vf/kd ek= esa ;k fQj fu;fer lsou tgj dk dke djrk gS A ukHkh dk Lianu ;fn Bhd e/e eas gks rks le{ks dh euq’; LoLF; gS ,ao nh/kZ vkjksX; thoh gksrk gS A mez ds c<us ] ;k fQj fdUgh dkj.kks ls Lianu viuh txg ls gV tkrh gS rks loZizFke dqN ekufld n”kk;s tSls ruko  ;knnkLr dk de gksuk ]Hkwyus dh izo`fr ] gdykuk ] ;k fdlh Hkh dk;Z esa eu u yxuk ] psgjs ij ruko ] pgjs dh lkSU};Zrk fcuk fdlh dkj.k ds ?kVus yxuk ] psgjk lkoyk ]ckyks dk vf/kd ek= esa {kMuk A vkRe gR;k ];k Lao;e dsk csdkj le{kuk tSlh LFkfr;kW ns[kh tkrh gS A tc ;g y{k.k iwjh rjg ls c< tkrs gS rc /khjs /khjs y{k.k HkksSfrd “kjhj esa jksx ds :Ik esa fn[kykbZ nsus yxrk gS A tSls isV ls lEcfU/kr jksx] fgnz; jksx ] fdMuh jksx ] ckn esa vU; “kkjhfjd ;a= izHkkfor gksus yxrs gsS ftlls ml ;a=ks ls lEcfU/kr O;kf/k;kW gksus yxrh gS A C;wVh Dyhfud fpfdRlk tks fd ,d izkd`frd fpfdRlk i}fr ij dk;Z djrh gS ] ,ao C;wVh ikyZj lapkfydkvksa dks ;g izf”k{k.k gekjh lekt lsoh; laLFkk }kjk fu%”kqYd “kgjks es dSEi yxk dj miyC/k djk;k tkrk gS A bl esa lksSU};Z lEcfU/kr leL;kvks dk funku ukfHk ifj{k.k dj ukHkh Lianu dks ;FkkLFkku ij yk dj fd;k tkrk gS A dbZ izf”kf{kr C;wVh Dyhfud lapkydks us lkSU};Z lEcfU/kr leL;kvks dk mipkj bl izkd`frd fcuk nok ds mipkj fd;k ,ao cMs gh vk”pZ;tud ifj.kke izkIr fd;s gS aA ftlds ckjs es ppkZ ckn esa dh tk;sxh A ;gkW ij ukHkh Lianu ls jksx ds ckjs esa ppkZ dh tk jgh gS A mDr y{k.k ds mHkjrs gh vki ukHkh Lianu dk ifj{k.k Lo;ae dj ldrs gS A blesa vki dks Lianu vius LFkku ls gVk gqvk feysxk A blesa fo’ks”k /;ku j[kus okyh ckr ;g gS fd bl ifj{k.k esa tYn ckth u djs ifj{k.k djrs le; [kkyh isV gksus ls Lianu xfr o mldh y; Li’V le{k esa vkrh gS A
ukHkh ifj{k.k fof/k %&ukHkh ifj{k.k ls jksx dh fLFkfr o jksx dks igpkuk tkrk gS A ;g ifj{k.k vR;Ur lw{e o tfVy gS 
ifj{k.k ls iwoZ jksxh dks ifj{k.k fof/k ds ckjs esa le{kk nsuk pkfg;s rkfd og vki dk ifj{k.k esa iw.kZ lg;ksx djs vU;Fkk ifj.kke mfpr ugh feysxs A jksxh dks ;g tkudkjh ns fd ifj{k.k esa le; yxsxk vr% tYnckth u djs ] “okl dks fdl izdkj ls ifj{k.k ds njc;ku jksds j[kuk gS ] ;g lc ckrs mls igys ls cryk ns rkfd og vki dk iwjk iwjk lg;ksx djs A
lkekU; ifj{k.k%&1&alkekU; ifj{k.k esa loZizFke jksxh dks lh/kk fyVk nhft;s blds ckn mlds iSjks ds nksuks vWxwBksa dks vkil esa feykus dsk dfg;s ] tc jksxh nksuks vWxwBks dks feyk;s rks /;ku ls ns[ks fd fdl iSj dk vWxwBk NksVk gS D;ksfd ukHkh ds Vyus dh fLFkfr esa fdlh ,d iSj dk vWxwBk nwljs iSj ds vWxwBs ls NksVk gksrk gS A dqN fpfdRldks dk vfHker gS fd ftl rjQ dk vWxwBk NksVk gks mls [khpus ls Vyh gqbZ ukHkh vius LFkku ij vk tkrh gS A ijUrq ;g rHkh laHko gS tc ukHkh lkekU; :i ls Vyh gks ;fn tfVy :i ls ,ao iwjkuh voLFkk esa gksxh rks blls mfpr ifj.kke feyus esa lUnsg gS A
  2&ajksxh dks lh/kk fyVk dj mldh ukHkh ls nksuks fuIiy rd dh nwjh;ks dks ukik tkrk gS ;fn ukHkh Vyh gqbZ gksxh rks budh nwjh esa vUrj Li’V fn[ksxk A blh izdkj ukHkh ls nksuks iSjks ds vWxwBs rd dh nwjh dks ukis ;fn ukHkh Vyh gS rks blesa vki dks Li’V vUrj fn[kykbZ nsxk A
3&ukHkh e/; ls ihNs jhM dh ykbZu dks ukirs gS ;fn ukHkh Vyh gS rks ukHkh ds ,d Nksj ls nwljs Nksj dh nwjh esa vUrj ns[kk tkrk gS A
4&ukHkh dsUnzd ftls ukHkh dk e/; ikbZUV Hkh dgrs gS blls ukHkh dh nhokj dh nwjh nkfgus ,ao ck;h rjQ ukirs gS ukHkh dk ckjhd ls ckjhd Vyk gksuk blls Li’V gks tkrk gS A ;fn ukHkh dsUnzd ls ukHkh ds ,d rjQ dh nwjh nwljh rjQ dh nwjh ds cjkcj gS rks ukHkh vius LFkku ij gS ;fn ftl rjQ dk Hkkx NksV gksxk ukHkh mlh rjQ Vyrh gS A
lkekU; ukHkh ifj{k.k % jksxh dks lh/kk fyVk nhft;s ,ao mls “okal /khjs /khjs ukHkh ls dbZ ckj [khpus dks dgs ] ;g dze de ls de nl ckj gksuk vko”;d gS A isV dsk fcYdqy lekU; fLFkfr esa jgus ns ,ao iSjks dks igys lh/kk djus dks dgs blds ckn vki lekU; rjhds ls ukHkh ij rhu vaxqfy;k ¼e/;ek ukHkh ds vUnj rtZuh o vukfedk ukHkh ls ckgj½ j[kdj LiUnu eglwl djs A vc ejht ds iSjks dks eksMus dsk dgs blls isV gYdk o eqyk;e gks tk;sxk A iqu% ukHkh ij rhu vaxqfy;k bl izdkj ls j[ks fd e/;ek vaxqyh ukHkh ds vUnj gks ,ao vukfedk o rtZuh ukHkh ds ckgj dh rjQ gks vc iqu% nckc ukHkh o isV ij vaxqfy;ks dh lgk;rk ls Mkyrs gq,s ukHkh Lianu ukHkh ds pkjks vksj eglwl djs A ;g ,d lkekU; ifj{k.k gS A bl ifj{k.k ls vf/kd Vyh ukHkh dh fLFkfr Li’V gks tkrh gS A ijUrq ;fn ckjhd ukHkh Vyh gS ] rsk bldh tkudkjh bl lkekU; ifj{k.k ls ugh gksrh ] blds fy;s vki dks rhu Lrjh; ifj{k.k djuk iMsxk A
1&izFke fLrjh; nckc ifj{k.k%&izFke fLrjh; ifj{k.k ,d lkekU; ifj{k.k gsS ijUrq vUrj bruk gS fd blesa mijksDrkuqlkj vWxqfy;ksa dks ukHkh ij j[kdj FkksMk gYdk lk nckc nsdj LiUnu dh fLFkfr ekywe dh tkrh gS A nkgus gkFk dh rhu vaxqfy;k ftlesa e/;ek vaxqyh Bhd ukHkh ij gksuk pkfg;s ] ckdh nks vaxqyh rZtuh ,ao vukfedk ukHkh ds ckgj lh/kh js[kk esa lekukUrj gks ] vc vki /khjs /khjs vUnj dks vaxqfy;k ?kqlkrs tk;s o vuqHko djs dh vki dsk ukHkh dk Lianu fdl rjQ eglwl gks jgk gS A izFke Lrj dk nckc mijh nck gksrk gS A bl nckc dks nsrs gq,s vki ukHkh ds pkjks vksj nks vaxqfy;kW tks ukHkh ls ckgj gS mls ukHkh ds pkjks rjQ /kqekrs tk;s ,ao e/;ek vaxqyh ukHkh ds vUnj gh gksuk pkfg;s ;fn bl izdkj ds ifj{k.k ls Hkh LiUnu ugh feyrk ] rks fQj jksxh dks nksuks iSjks dks eksMus dks dgs iqu% nckc nsrs gq;s iwoZ dh HkkWrh ukHkh ds pkjksa vksj LiUnu dks ekyqe djuk pkfg;s A bl ds ckn jksxh dks iqu% iSj lh/kk djus dks dgs o “okl dks ukHkh ls [khprs gq,s jksdus dks dgs o vki viuh vWxqfy;ksa dks iwoZ dh HkkWrh /kqekrs tk;s A iqu% iSj dks eksMus dk funsZ”k ns o iqu% ,d ckj iwjh “okl dks [khpus o fQj /khjs /khjs NksMrs gq,s ukHkh dks vUnj dh rjQ [khpus dks dgrs tk;s A mijksDr ifj{k.k dze esa ;fn LiUnu fey Hkh tk;s rks Hkh iwjk djuk pkfg;s pwWfd LiUnu viuk LFkku cnyrk jgrk gS A bl dze dks nks rhu ckj Hkh fd;k tk ldrk gS A ;g duQjes”ku ifj{k.k gS A
2&f}fr; fLrjh; nckc ifj{k.k%& f}fr; fLrjh; nckc ifj{k.k Hkh iwoZ ifj{k.k dh rjg ls fd;k tkrk gS ijUrq blesa vUrj dsoy nckc dk gksrk gS izFke fLrjh; nckc ifj{k.k esa nckc tks ukHkh ij fn;k Fkk mldh vis{kk ;g nckc bruk gksrk gS ftlesa isV dk e/;e Hkkx nckc dh otg ls ncus yxrk gS A   ;fn izFke Lrj ds nckc ij Lianu u feys rks nckc dks vkSj c<k ns ;g nckc e/;ek Lrj dk nckc dgykrk gS a
3&r`rh; fLrjh; nckc ifj{k.k %&ar`fr; fLrjh; nckc ifj{k.k Hkh iwoZ ifj{k.k dh rjg ls fd;k tkrk gS A ;fn bl e/;ek Lrj ds nckc ls Hkh Lianu u feys rks iwjs tksj dk nckc fn;k tkrk gS  bls vfUre Lrj dk nckc Hkh dgrs gsS A ;fn jksx us iwjh rjg ls “okl jksd j[kh gS ] rks bl Lrj ij ukHkh LiUnu Li’V le{k esa vk tkrk gS A ifj{k.k esa ;fn le; vf/kd yxs ,ao jksxh dks “okl vf/kd nsj rd jksduk iMs ] rks ,slh fLFkfr esa jksxh “okl dks ukHkh rd vUnj dh rjQ [khps jgs ,ao og lhus ls “okl ys ldrk gS A bl izdkj ds LiUnu ifj{k.k esa vf/kd lqfo/kk gksrh gS A pwWfd ;g ifj{k.k ukHkh ds pkjks vksj djuk iMrk gS bl fy;s lkekUrj ifj{k.k ftlesa ukHkh ij e/;ek vxqyh ,ao “ks’k nks vxqfy;k ukHkh ds ckgj lh/ks lekukUr gksrh gS A nqljs ifj{k.k esa e/;ek vaxqyh dks ukHkh ij j[krs gsS ,ao nksuks vaxqyh;ksa dsk mij uhps cjVhZdy iksft”ku esa j[krs gS A blls ftl rjQ LiUnu gksrk gS ekyqe gksus yxrk gS ] ;k fQj bl ifj{k.k dks bl izdkj ls Hkh fd;k tk ldrk gS A vki viuh e/;ek vaxqyh dks ukHkh ds vUnj Mky ns ,ao nksuks vxqfy;ks dks ckgj dh rjQ j[k dj ifj{k.k djs blds ckn mlh dze esa /kMh ds dkaVs dh rjg ls ckgj dh vxqfy;ksa dks /kqekrs gq;s ifj{k.k djrs tk;s A ftl LFkku ls izfj{k.k izkjaEHk fd;k Fkk mlh LFkku ij vk dj :duk pkfg;s A bl izdkj ds ifj{k.k esa LiUnu vki dks ukHkh ds mij ;k uhps ;k fQj ukHkh ds pkjks vksj dgh Hkh fey ldrk gS aA dHkh dHkh blls Hkh de nwjh ;k dsoy ukHkh o`r ds vUnj gh ] ukHkh LiUnu [kldk gqvk feyrk gS A bl fLFkfr esa ifj{k.k djuk dfBu gks tkrk gS a A  ukfHk ds ckgj ds LiaUnu dks rks vklkuh ls igpkuk tk ldrk gsS A ijUrq ukHkh ds o`r ds vUnj ds ladh.kZ o lw{e ifj{k.k esa dkQh dBukbZ;Wk gksrh gS A ;g fLFkfr jksx ds iqjkus gks tkus ij curh gS A blfy;s ukHkh Lianu dk ifj{k.k cMh gh lko/kkuhiwoZd djuk pkfg;s ] blesa tYnckth djuk mfpr ugh gS A lw{e ukHkh Lianu Vyus dks ukHkh o`r LiUnu dgkW tkrk gS A ;g iqjkus jksxks esa fn[kykbZ nsrk gsS A dqN fpfdRld ukHkh dfiax ;a= ls mipkj djus dh lykg nsrs gS  lkekU; ukHkh Lianu ] ukHkh dfiax ls Bhd gks ldrk gS aA ijUrq lw{e ukHkh Lianu dh n”kk esa ] ukHkh  dfiax ls ykHk gksus dh laHkkou de gksrh gS A bl fLFkrh esa ,asls dfiax ;=ksa dk iz;ksx fd;k tkrk gS ftlds di dk O;kl de ls de gks A tSls ukHkh dh lkbZt dk ftls ukHkh ds vUnj Mkydj dfiax fd;k tk lds A ckjhd ukfHk ds Vyus ij dfiax lsV dk iz;ksx djuk pkfg;s A
Lianu dsk ;FkkLFkku ykuk%& ukHkh mipkj fpfdRlk dh ekU;rk gS fd nwfu;k Hkj ds lkjs jksxsk dh tM gS ukHkh LiUnu dk vius LFkku ls f[kld tkuk A ;g ,d cMk nZ”ku ]o fo’k; gS A v/;kRe o euks;ksx fpfdRlk i}fr;ks esa bl fo’k; esa mYys[k feyrk gS ftles dgkW x;k gS fd gekjs “kjhj esa NS% lw{e pdz gksrs gS bu ij /;ku dsfUnr dj vlhe “kDrh;kW izkIr dh tk ldrh gS A vk;qosZn izkd`frd ,ao rFkkdfFkr vU; fpfdRlk i}fr;ks esa ,slh ekU;rk;s jgh gS fd jksx dh mRifr dk ewy dkj.k eu gS A v/;kRe o vU; nZ”ku “kkL=ksa esa nks izdkj ds “kjhj dh ekU;rk gS  HkkSfrd ftls LFkwy “kjhj ,ao nwljk “kjhj ftls ge lw{e “kjhj dgrs gS A igys lw{e “kjhj esa jksxkdze.k gksrk gS blds ckn og HkksSfrd “kjhj esa fn[kykbZ nsus yxrk gS A HkksSfrd “kjhj esa jksx vkdze.k gksus ls HkkSfrd d’V ifjyf{kr gksus yxrs gS A ;fn vkdze.k ekufld fLrj ij gksrk gS rks ekufld ruko ] fu.kZ; ysus dh vleFkZrk ] fexhZ ] fgLVhfj;k ] mUekn ]ikxyiu ] ;knnk”r dk detksj gksuk ] ekufld fodykaxrk vkfn y{k.k fn[ks tk ldrs gS A ukHkh ds vius LFkku ls f[kld tkus ls dbZ izdkj dh O;kf/k;kW gksrh gS A ftlesa ekufld Lrj ls ysdj HkkSfrd Lrj rd dh leLr chekjh;kW gS  dqN C;fDr vDlj f”kdk;rs djrs feyrs gS fd mudk MkbZts”ku Bhd ugh jgrk ] Hkw[k ugh yxrh ][kk;k fi;k iprk ugh gS dCt jgrk gS ];k iryh ysVhx gksrh gS isV ges”kk Hkjk Hkjk jgrk gS ;k eyR;kx dh bDNk cuh jgrh gS A pwWfd loZizFke bldk vkdze.k isV ls gh “kq: gksrk gS A ;g flEQkbZfVd uoZ dks lcls igys viuk f”kdkj cukrh gS blls MkbZts”ku flLVe ij izHkko iMrk gS A flEQkbZfVd uoZ dks HkkoukRed uoZ Hkh dgrs gS A bldk izHkko eu o MkbZts”ku flLVe ij loZ izFke ns[kk tkrk gS A tc bldk izHkko eu ij gksrk gS rc ruko o ekufld jksx gksrs gS A blh uoZ dk izHkko O;fDr dh lqUnjrk ij iMrk gS A ftlds dkj.k psgjs dk rst [kRe gks tkrk gS A jksxh Fkdk Fkdk lk fn[krk gS ] mlesa QqrhZ ugh jgrh A tc ;g fLFkfr vf/kd le; rd jgus yxrh gS rc Ropk izHkkfor gksrh gS eLls nkx /kCcs ;k eqgkls Ropk dk jax cnyuk ] Ropk ij QksMk ]QqWfl;k ] Ropk ij {kq::h;kW ] ;k dHkh dHkh Ropk o`f} tSlh fLFkfr fufeZr gks tkrh gS A LiUnu dk vius LFkku ls f[kld tkus ls L+=h;ks esa ckW{kiu o iq:’kks esa uenhZ tSlh fLFkfr;kW fufeZr gksrh gS A dbZ bl izdkj ds ds”kks esa ;g ns[kk x;k fd ,slh dbZ fL=h;kW ftUgs cPps ugh gksrs Fks mUgksus tc fdlh tkudkj ukHkh LiUnu ds fpfdRld dks fn[kyk;k rks mudh ukHkh LiUnu f[kldh gqbZ ikbZ xbZ ftls ;FkkLFkku ykus ij xHkZ/kkj.k gqvk A dgus dk vFkZ gS fd HkkSfrd chekjh gks ;k ekufld ;k fQj lkSUnZ; lEcf/kr dksbZ Hkh leL;k D;ks u gks ,slh fLFkfr essa ukHkh LiUnu ges”kk f[kldk gqvk gh feysxk A fdlh Hkh jksx ;k lkSUnZ; ls lEcfU/kr dksbZ Hkh leL;k gks blesa ges”kk ukHkh LiUnu f[kldk gqvk gh feysxk A rFkk bldk mipkj ek= ukHkh LiUnu dks ;FkkLFkku ykuk gS A ukHkh LiUnu o jksx dh ,d yEch lwph gS ftldk o.kZu vyx ls ukHkh jksx mipkj iqLrd es feysxk A

1&ijEijkxr mipkj fof/k%& ijEijkxr mipkj fof/k esa dsoy gkFkks ls felkt dj ds LiUnu dsk ;FkkLFkku yk;k tkrk gS A
 ;g ,d iqjkuh o Dykfld fof/k gS blds ifj.kke vR;kf/kd lUrks’ktud jgs gsS A ijUrq bl mipkj fof/k esa le; ds lkFk vR;kf/kd /kS;Z dh vko”;drk gksrh gS A mipkj ls iwoZ jksxh dks [kkyh isV gksuk pkfg;s vU;Fkk ifj.kke ugh feysxk A  tSlk fd mij cry; x;s rjhds ls LiUnu dh fLFkfr dks ekyqe djus ds i”pkr fpdus nzo dsk LVksed ij Mky dj felkt djrs gS A blds i”pkr ftl rjQ LiUnu f[kldk gqvk feyrk gS mlls FkksMh lh nwjh ls pkjks vWxqfy;ksa dh lgk;rk ls LiUnu dks nckrs gq,s ukHkh ij ykdj NksM nsrs gS A LiUnu tks fd f[kldk gqvk feyrk gS mls gh pkjks vWxqfy;ks ls vPNh rjg ls nckc nsrs gq,s gh /khjs /khjs ukHkh rd f[kldk;k tkrk gS A ;g dze de ls de nl iUnzg ckj djuk pkfg;s A blds i”pkr FkksMh nsj ckn iqu% ukHkh ds pkjks rjQ blh izdkj ls nckc nsrs gq,s ukHkh ij vWxqfy;ksa dks yk dj NksMrs tk;s ;g dze Hkh de ls de nl iUnzg ckj gksuk pkfg;s A blds ckn ,d tyrk gqvk fn;k ukHkh ij j[ks o fdlh [kks[kys crZu dks ml ij j[k ns ] ,slk djus ls [kks[kys crZu dh gok fudy tk;sxh o crZu isV ij vPNh rjg ls fpid tkrk gS A mDr [kks[kys crZu dh gok ds fudy tkus ls ml LFkku ij csD;w iSnk gksrk gS bl f[kpko ds dkj.k ukHkh LiUnu vius ;FkkLFkku ij LFkkfir gks tkrk gS A ;g ,d iqjkuh ijUrq vR;kf/kd dkjxj fof/k gS A
2-&flaxy di fof/k %&;g fof/k mlh rjg fd iqjkuh fof/k gS A ftlesa xzkE;oklh ukHkh Vy tkus ij fdlh [kks[kys crZu dks ukHkh ij fn;k dks vkx ls tyk dj j[k dj crZu dks ml ij myVk nsrs Fks ,slk djus ls ml LFkku ij csD;we ds dkj.k crZu elYl okys Hkkx dks [khprk Fkk ,ao Vyh gqbZ ukHkh vius LFkku ij LFkkfir gks tkrh Fkh A pwWfd vc blds LFkku ij flaxy di fof/k ls mipkj dfiax fpfdRlk esa fd;k tkrk gS tks fd ,D;qiapj dh ,d “kk[kk gS A loZ izFke jksxh dks [kkyh isV cqykrs gS rRi”pkr ukHkh LiUnu dk ifj{k.k mij crykbZ fof/k ls fd;k tkrk gS A LiUn ds ekyqe gksus ds i”pkr usosy ij vk;y dks pkjks rjQ vPNh rjg ls QSyk fn;k tkrk gS A blds ckn xhyh feVVh ;k vkVs dks usosy ij bl izdkj ls j[krs gS rkfd usosy ij fn;k ;k fdlh oLrq dks j[k dj vkx tykus ij Ropk u tys A oSls ukHkh ij iwjk ikuh Hkj fn;k tkrk gS rkfd dfiax ls osD;we gksus ij ikuh dh otg ls vkx dh ykS Ropk ds lEiZd esa u vk;s A xhyh feVVh ;k xhyk vkVk dks gkFkks ls jksVh dh rjg ls eksVh irZ cuk dj ukHkh ij j[ks blds ckn mlds Åij ,d fn;k j[k nhft;s ]mlds ckn ,d dkVZu ¼:bZ½ dks LizhV esa iwjh rjg ls fHkxks dj j[ks o ngus gkFk ls dfiax Xykl dks idMs jgs ] tSls gh :bZ esa vkx yxkrs gsS ] og vPNh rjg ls ,dne ls tyus yxrh gsS A mlh le; vki dfiax dks ml ij tYnh ls mYVk ns ,slk djus ls dfix ds di esa csD;qe iSnk gksus ls og  vPNh rjg ls LVksed ij fpid tk;sxh A ,ao vkx rqjUrq cq{k tkrh gS csD;qe ds f[kpko dh otg ls ukHkh ds vkl vkl dh elYl di ds mij dks  f[kprh gS A blls ukHkh ds vUnj Hkjk gqvk ikuh mij dks fudy dj pkjks rjQ di ds vUnj QSy tkrk gS A blls nks ykHk gksrs gS ,d rks tyrh gqbZ vkx dh ykS tks vkDlhtu gsrq di ds eqWg ls ckgj fudyus dk iz;kl djrh gS ikuh ds dkj.k Ropk ds lEiZd esa ugh vk ikrh blls Ropk ds tyus dh laHkkouk iwjh rjg ls [kRe gks tkrh gsS ikuh dh ogt ls vkx tYnh cq{k tkrh gS oSls Hkh di ds vUnj dh gok ds tyrs gh vkx iwjh rjg ls cq{k tkrh gsS A nwljk ykHk ikuh ds Hkjus dk ;g gksrk gS fd di ds vUnj tsk csD;qe iSnk gksrh gS mlds dkj.k ukHkh ds vkl ikl ds elYl di ds vUnj mij dh rjQ f[kprs gS A ikuh ds dkj.k di ds eqWg dks f[kpus esaa lqfo/kk gksrh gS ,ao ftruh elYl f[kp ldrh gS mruh ikuh ds fpduiu ds dkj.k vklkuh ls f[kp tkrh gS A di dks FkksMh nsj de ls de nks ls rhu pkj feuV rd mDr LFkku ij yxk jgus ns blds ckn rtZuh vWxqyh dks di ds eqWg o LVksed dh Ropk ds vUnj Mkys ,slk djus ls ml LFkku ls gok di esa Hkj tk;sxh o di Ropk ls vyx gks tk;sxk A dfiax fd;s x;s LFkku ij f[kpko dh otg ls ,d xksy fu”kku cu tkrk gS bls gYds gkFkks ls bl izdkj felkt djs rkfd nckc u iMs A ;g mipkj iwjk gks pqdk gS A ijUrq ejht dks de ls de ,d nks ?kVs rd lh/kk blh izdkj ysVs jgus dk funZ”k ns A dfiax ds ckn lhfM;kW ckj ckj p<uk mrjuk ;k ctuh lkeku vkfn mBkuk oftZr gS A lkbZfdy pykuk ;k rst xfr ls nkSMus ls LiUnu iqu mlh LFkku ij vk ldrk gS A vr% ejht dks bldh iw.kZ fgnk;r nsuk pkfg;s A
3&fofHkUu lkbZt ds di ls LiUnu dks ;FkkLFkku ykuk%& loZizFke cMs di dks ukHkh dsk mij j[kdj ] dfiax djs ]bls dqN nsj ds fy;s mlh LFkku ij NksM ns ] /;ku jgs bl mipkj esa jksxh dks fdlh Hkh izdkj dk nZn u gks ;fn nZn gksrk gS rks di dks fudky nhft;s ] dqN nsj nks ;k rhu feuV ds Ik”pkr di dks fudky ns ] blds ckn mlls de O;kl ds di dks ukHkh ij j[k dj dfiax djs bls Hkh dqN nsj ds fy;s yxkdj NksM ns ] bl izdkj vki rhu pkj ckj di dh lkbZt de djrs gq;s mipkj djrs tk;s ] vUr esa tks mipkj djuk gS mls iwjh lko/kkuhiwoZd djuk pkfg;s A pwafd bl izdkj ls vki us tks dfiax dh gS mlls Lianu ukHkh dh rjQ vkus yxk gS ]vc vUr esa vki dks ukHkh dh lkbZt ds o`r okys di dks ys ,ao ukHkh ds o`r ij bl izdkj ls j[ks fd di dk eqWg ukHkh ij Bhd rjg ls gks vc bls yxkdj 
       dfiax djs ]bls nks rhu ckj djs A bl le; vki dks /;ku j[kuk gS fd dfiax djrs le; ukHkh ds vUnj dk Hkkx mij dh rjQ f[kprk gS ] vr% mruh gh di dh gok fudkys ] ftruk jksx vklkuh ls lg lds ] vUr esa bl izdkj ds di dk iz;ksx djs ftls ukHkh ds vUnj vklkuh ls Mky dj dfiax dh tk lds A bl izdkj ds dfiax ls ckjhd ls ckjhd Vyh gqbZ ukHkh vius LFkku ij vk tkrh gS A ijEijkxr rjhds ls jksxh ds isV ij fpduk inkFkZ yxk dj Vyh gqbzZ ukHkh ij nckc nsrs gq;s mls vius LFkku vFkkZr ukHkh ds chpks chp ykrs gS A blds ckn ukHkh ds vUnj vaxqfy;ks dks x<k dj nckrs gsS A fpduk rjy inkFkZ vk;y vkfn dk iz;ksx fd;k tkrk gS A blesa vylh ds rsy dk iz;ksx gksrk gS A ;g ukHkh dks ;FkkLFkku ykus esa vPNk dk;Z djrh gS A vylh ds rsy ds ukHkh ij ,ao mlds vkl ikl yxk dj ifj{k.k djus ls Lianu tYnh fey tkrk gS A ,ao ifj{k.k ds lkFk mipkj Hkh lkFk gh lkFk fd;k tk ldrk gS A ftl rjQ Lianu f[kld x;k gks ml rjQ vaxqyh dk nckc nsrs gq;s mls chp esa ykdj dqN nsj rd nck;s j[ks NksMus ds ckn iqu% ifj{k.k djus ] ;fn Lianu Bhd txg ij vk x;k gks rks jksxh dks FkksMh nsj ds fy;s ysVs jgus ns ] blds ckn mls mBrs le; ukHkh ij n;k ;k fdlh [kks[kyh cLrq ls ukHkh dks nckdj dqN nsj rd cSBs jgus dks dgs A ckn esa cLrq dks fudky ns ,ao [kMs gksrs le; ,d ckj iqu% ifj{k.k djs ;fn LiUnu ;FkkLFkku chpks chp gS rks fQj mls tkus ns ;fn LiUnu [kMs gksus ;k pyus ij f[kld tkrk gS rks ,slh fLFkfr esa fdlh fn;k ;k [kks[kyh oLrq dks ukHkh ds mij dqN nsj ;k lg lds rks fnu Hkj c/kk jgus ns A bl fLFkfr esa jksxh viuk nSfud dk;Z igys dh gh rjg djrk jgs A tc oLrq dks fudkys rks iqu% ifj{k.k djs ;fn Bhd txg ij gS rks fQj nqljs ;k rhljs fnu blh izdkj dk mipkj vo”; djs ;g mipkj dqwN fnuks rd fu;fer djrs jguk pkfg;s A
C;wVh Dyhfud mipkj%&ukHkh ds Vyus ls lkSU};Z lEcf/kr leLr leL;k;s mRiUu gksrh gS A tSls eqWgklksa dk fudyuk ]eLls]Ropk esa {kq:jh;kW] Ropk dk dkyk iMuk]ckyksa dk {kMuk]le; ls igys ckyksa dk lQsn gksuk ],d fuf”pr mez ds ckn Hkh L=h; lqyHk vaxks dk fodkl u gksuk ]xHkkZoLFkk i”pkr LVªsp ekdZ ds fu”kkuks dk cuuk]vR;kf/kd eksVkik ]ekufld ruko] nkWrks o uk[kquks dk dkyk iMuk o le; ls igys VwVuk vkfn bu leLr leL;kvks dh tkudkjh ukHkh LiUnu dh igpku ls gksrh gS A ukHkh LiUnu ukHkh dssUnzd ij gS rks fdlh Hkh izdkj dh lkSU};Z leL;k;s ugh gksrh ijUrq ;fn bl dsUnzd ls ckjhd lwbZ dh uksd ds cjkcj Hkh LiUnu dk LFkku cnyk rks le{kks lkSU};Z ls lEcfU/kr dbZ izdkj dh leL;k;s gksuk izkjEHk gks tk;sxh A vr% loZizFke C;wVh Dyhfud mipkj esa ukHkh LiUnu dk ifj{k.k fd;k tkrk gS A ukHkh LiUnu f[kldus ij ukHkh dh cukoV o mlds vkdkj o izdkj esa vUrj ns[kk tkrk gS A tks ukHkh cukoV v/;k; mYysf[kr gS A ukHkh dks ;FkkLFkku ykus ds fy;s ekSDlk ] ,D;qiapj ] gksE;ks C;wVh iapj ] ,D;qiz”kj ,ao usosy ,D;qiapj vkfn mipkj dk lgkjk fy;k tkrk gS A
                    ;ksx foKku ds vuqlkj
;ksx esaa ukfM;ksa dh l[;k cgrj gtkj ls T;knk crykbZ x;h gS vkSj bldk mnxe L=ksar ukfHk LFky gS A dbZ ckj ;g Lianu ukfHk ls FkksMk gV dj eglwl gksrk gS A ftls ukHkh Vyuk ;k f[klduk Hkh dgk tkrk gS A ukHkh yEcs le; rd ;g vuqHko gS fd iq:’ksk dh ukHkh ckbZ vksj ,ao L=h;ksa dh ukHkh nkbZ vksj Vyk djrh gS A ukHkh ds bl izdkj ls yEcs le; rd Vyus ls mnj fodkj ds vykok O;fD ds nkWrksa ]us=ksa  o ckyksa ds LokLF; ij Hkh izHkko iMrk gS A nkWrksa dh LokHkkfod ped de gksus yxrh gS A ;nkdnk nkWrksa esa ihMk gksrh gS A us=ksa dh lqUnjrk o T;ksfr +de gksus yxrh gS ]cky le; ls igys lQsn gksus yxrs gS A vkyL; Fkdku ]fpMfpMkgV]]dke esa eu u yxuk ]nq”fpUrk ] fujk”kk ] vdkj.k Hk; tSlh ukdkjkRed izo`fr;kW ukHkh Lianu ds ;Fkk LFkku gV tkus ls mRiUu gksrh gS A ;fn ukHkh Lianu Åij dh rjQ py jgk gS rks vXuk”; [kjkc gksus yxrk gS A blls QsQMks ij xyr izHkko gksrk gS Aftlls e/kqesg vLFkek czkdkbVl tSlh chekjh;ksa dh laHkkouk c< tkrh gsS A ;fn ;g Lianu uhps dh rjQ pyk tk;s rks irys nLr gksus yxrs gS A ckbZ vksaj f[kldus ls “khryrk dh deh gksus yxrh gS lnhZ tqdke [kkWlh dQtfur jksx tYnh tYnh gksrs gS
Nkguh rjQ gVus ij yhoj [kjkc gksdj eankXuh gks ldrh gS A fiRrkf/kD; ,flM tyu vkfn dh f”kdk;rs gksus yxrh gS A xehZ lnhZ dk larqyu “kjhj esa fcxM tkrk gS A eankXuh ]vip ] vQjk tSlh chekjh;kW gksus yxrh gS A ;fn ukHkh isV ds Åij dh rjQ vk tk;s ;kus jhM ds foijhr rks eksVkik gksus yxrk gS ,sls O;fDr eksVkis ds f”kdkj gksrs gS A mUgs xSl dh fZ”kdk;rs gksrh gS A ;fn ukHkh ds vksj jhM dh gMMh dh rjQ pyh tk; rks O;fDr dqN Hkh [kk;s  og nqcyk gksrk pyk tkrk gS A ukHkh f[kldus ls ekufld ,ao vk/;kfRed {kerk;s de gksus yxrh gS A ukHkh dks ikrky yksd dgk x;k gS e`R;q dsckn Hkh izk.k ukHkh esa N% feuV rd jgrs gS A ;fn ukHkh Bhd e/;ek Lrj ds chp esa pyrh gsS rc fL=;kW xHkZ/kkj.k ;ksX; gksrh gS A ;fn ;gh e/;ek Lrjls f[kld dj uhps jh< dh rjQ pyh tk;s rks ,slh L=h;kW xHkZ /kkj.k ugh dj ldrh A vdlj ;fn ukHkh fcydqy uhps jh< dh rjQ tkrh gS rks iQSyksfiu V;wc ugh [kqyrh vkSj bl dkj.jk fL=h;kW xHkZ/kkj.kugh dj drh dbZ ck> L=h;ksa ij iz;ksx dj ukHkh dks e/;ek Lrj ij yk;kx;k A blls cka> fL=h;kW  Hkh xHkZ/kkj.k ;ksX; gks x;h A dqN ekeyks esa mipkj o’kksZ l spy jgk Fkk ,ao fpfdRldks us ;g dg fn;k Fkk fd ;g xHkZ/kj.k ;ksX; ugh gS fdUrq ukHkh fpfdRldksa us bl ykbykt jksx dks ukHkh Lianu dks ;FkkLFkku yk dj Bhd dj fn;k A
Ekgf’kZ iartyh us ukHkh dks cgqr egRoiw.kZ LFkku ekuk gS mudk dguk gS fd ukHkh ;fn uhps dks ljd tk;s rks Nkrh vkWr ij f{kpko gks tkrk gS vkSj irys nLr vkuk “kq: gks tkrk gS T;knk fnu gksus ij [kwu ds nLr vkuk Hkh “kq: gks rkrk gS rFkk vipu mnj “kwyLoIu nks’k rFkk isV es xqMxqM gksus yxrh gS tks cgkj rd lkQ lqukbZ iMrh gS A ;fn Åij dks ljd tk;s rks vQjk dCt [kVVh Mdkjs vkuk ]lhus esa lqbZ pqHkus tSlk nZn gksrk gS A ;gkW rd  fny dk nkSjk iM tkus tSlk Hk;kud o tku ysok jksx Hkh ukHkh dh fod`fr ls gksrk gS AukHkh ds ihNs dh vksj ljd tkus ls rhc nmj”kwy gks tkrk gS ftls ck;qxksyk dgrs gS L=h;ksa esa ukHkh ljd tkus ls “osr iznj ckU/;rk d’Vkjro ;kus ekgokjh vf/kd fnuksa rd pkyw jgrh gS vf/kd jDrL=ko ihMk ds lkFk gksrk gS A detksjh cSpSuh ?kj x`gLrh ds dk;ksZ esa eu ugh yxrk lkFk gh vusd izdkj dh O;kf/k;kW mRiUu gks tkrh gS A ,slh efgyk;s gR;k ;k vkRe gR;k dk Hkh iz;kl djrh gS dqN efgykvksa esa fgLVhfj;k rFkk dqN fejxh jksx ds Hkh f”kdkj gks tkrh gS A ;g Hkh ik;k x;k gS fd ukHkh ds f[kldus ls efLr’d dh fopkj {kerk;s de gks tkrh gS blls ldkjkRe fopkjks dk vHkko ik;k tkrk gS blh dkj.k ,slh efgyk;s vdlj fgLVhfj;k dk f”kdkj gksrh gS A blh ekufld dkj.kks dk ifj.kke dbZ efgyk;s foijhr udkjkRed lksp dh otg ls vkRe gR;k dk iz;kl djrh gS A ges”kk bl izdkj dh fL=h;kW nwljks dk nks’k ns[krh jgrh gS ,ao ?kj esa ges”kk yMkbZ >xMk djrh gS A bl izdkj dh efgyk;s ,dne LokFkhZ gks tkrh gS vius ifr ls Hkh I;kj ugh djrh dsoy mUgs viuk LokFkZ gh fn[kykbZ nsrk gS A ifr ls >wB cksyuk ],ao nksgjh uhrh pyrh gS A ukHkh fod``r gks tkus ds dkj.k vYi vk;q esa gh ckyks dk lQn gks tkuk ckyks dk >Muk ckyks dk :[kkiu ;gkW rd dh dqN yksxks dh ,d fuf”pr mez gks tkus ij Hkh yEckbZ ugh c<rh blh izdkj yMdh;ksa dk “kkjhfjd fodkl ds lkFk muds L=h lqyHk vaxks dk fodkl :d tkrk gS tSls mjkst ]o furEc dk u fodflr gksuk ] ukHkh fod`r gksus ij bldk izHkko Ropk ij Hkh gksrk gS Ropk es :[kkiu Ropk lkoyh ftlesa ped ugh gksrh A ;fn ukHkh ukHkh e/; fcUnw ls nkguh rjQ ukHkh dh nhokj rd f[kld tk;s rks isV esa “kwy dk nZn ds lkFk isV esa dSlj dh f”kdk;r gks ldrh gS A ,sls O;fDr;sk dh ges”kk xje rkjhl cuh jgrh gS mUgs ges”kk xehZ dh f”kdk;r gksrh gS A ukHkh dk ukHkh fnokj rd f[kldus ij dbZ izdkj ds jksx gks ldrs gS A
C;wVh Dyhfud dk fu%'kqYd izf'k{k.k ?kj cSBs esy ls izkIr fd;k tk ldrk gS ;fn vki C;wVh Dyhfud dk izf'k{k.k fu%'kqYd izkIr djuk pkgrs gS rks d`i;k viuk bZesy ,Msªl gekjs esy ij Hkst dj gekjs bl izksxjke ls tqM ldrs gS A